Blackheads are also called open comedones and are formed when surface debris is pushed upwards, collects in the pores and, oxidizing, change color forming dark spots on the skin that can be mistakenly mistaken for dirt.
Potentially, blackheads can appear anywhere. However, they are most frequently seen on the skin of the face (especially the forehead, nose, chin and lip contour) and back.
Regardless of their unsightly appearance (they are considered a real imperfection), it is very important to treat comedones correctly because, in the long run, bacteria can settle and accumulate in them (such as Propionibacterium acnes) which can cause infections and inflammations.
Why do blackheads form?
Blackheads are formed when excess sebum and dead skin cells block the sebaceous glands.
Sebum, with the complex system of skin lipids, is very important for the well-being of the skin, as it creates a thin surface hydro-lipid layer that protects it from chemical compounds and bacterial infections, maintains a normal level of hydration and prevents exchanges excessive heat with the external environment. However, if produced in excessive quantities, the sebum is not effectively disposed of and accumulates in the pores; the clogged pores are thus blocked, and swell outwards.
What are the causes?
Several factors can contribute to the development of blackheads, including:
- skin irritation (especially in cases of sensitive skin) due to contact with oils, dyes, make-up, perfumes and similar products
- excessive production of testosterone, which in turn can lead to an increase in sebum production
use of products that are too greasy for skin-care;
- use of comedogenic oils to remove make-up or tanning oils;
- bad habit of removing make-up with little attention or, much worse, not removing make-up and leaving impurities on the face;
- unprotected sun exposure (this can cause even more serious damage).
How to get rid of blackheads?
The first rule of all to avoid the formation of blackheads and eliminate the existing ones is to respect a correct daily skincare, morning and evening.
REMOVE YOUR SKIN WELL IN THE EVENING WITH DOUBLE CLEANSING
cleansing is important because it is able to eliminate sebum, impurities and make-up, miraculously this step must be performed correctly so that our skin is clean.
CLEANSING THE SKIN WELL MORNING AND EVENING
It is important to perform adequate cleansing both in the morning and in the evening to remove all impurities, sebum, pollutants and make-up essential to keep our skin healthy and avoid the appearance of blackheads.
Do face cleansing once or twice a month as needed.
You will be able to use some tools of the trade that will allow you – in a few steps – to eliminate blackheads from your face once and for all.
Squeezing blackheads with fingers and nails is the most not recommended operation by dermatologists and experts in the field, as it could cause infections and bleeding, causing possible scarring. By using suitable tools instead – perfectly sanitized before use – the negative consequences are significantly reduced, here are some of the most used and effective tools of the trade
Aqua Peel is a beauty device suitable for all skin types able to remove impurities from the skin surface, exfoliating and rehydrating the face at the same time.
J.E.ME Pia Peeling device uses ultrasonic vibration modes to help penetrate pores to wash away oil, dirt and dead skin without irritating the skin.
It doesn’t just close pores, it also helps the skin absorb nutrients.
By helping skin care products penetrate deeper into the cuticle layer, your skin will feel refreshed and cleaner than ever.
Exfoliate the skin
whose targeted action allows you to eliminate dead cells and promote the regeneration of epidermal tissues. By keeping the layer of skin always thin and well cleansed, you can avoid the formation of blackheads more easily: to obtain this result, the advice is to perform the scrub once a week, followed by the application of a good moisturizer that restores the balance on your skin.
Use purifying masks
They are important for removing blackheads and excess sebum to achieve blackhead-free skin without squeezing. They can be used once or twice a week.
Change your diet and lifestyle habits: fatty foods with few vitamins and elements damage your skin. Make sure you eat healthily and drink plenty of fluids. Smoking equates to poison to your skin and has a long-lasting effect on its appearance!